Python vs Kotlin- Which is Developers Choice?

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What is Python?

Python was designed to be both an object-oriented and a high-level programming language. Guido Van Rossum invented this language in 1991. In the same year, this language was made available to the entire public.

Python is one of the most compatible languages. Various roles and responsibilities such as Software programming, system scripting, server-side web development, handling large amounts of data, and executing numerous sophisticated mathematical computations are just a few of the skills required. Python can be accessed to complete all of these tasks.

Python Applications

  • Odoo and Tryton are two enterprise applications.
  • Abaqus, FreeCAD, SciPy, IPython, Pandas are examples of scientific and numerical applications.
  • Battlefield 2, Disney’s Toontown Online, World of Tanks, and Vega Strike are some of the games available.
  • SciPy for advanced computing, TensorFlow, and Keras are all examples of artificial intelligence and machine learning.

What is Kotlin?

Kotlin is a statistically typed open-source programming language that runs on the JVM and may be used on a variety of platforms. If a language is said to be dynamically typed when the object type is specified at compilation time instead of run time. Kotlin entirely compatible with Java, has a small footprint, and combines object-oriented and functional programming features.

JetBrains created Kotlin, and the first version of the language was released on February 15, 2016. It’s used for server-side programming, client-side programming, and Android programming. Here are a few applications who benefit from Kotlin.

Kotlin Applications

  • Pinterest
  • CarLens
  • Trello

Features of Python

Supporting Libraries – Python contains a huge standard library that comprises network protocols, string functions, operating system interfaces, and online services, among other things. Frequently used programming activities are already coded in the library, reducing the amount of time spent writing.

Third-Party Programs Accessibility – The Python Package Index includes third-party modules that help you communicate with a variety of languages and platforms.

Python’s speed and productivity – Python’s object-oriented design, test process technology, and its own testing framework all contribute to higher productivity and speed.

Community development and Open Source – Python is created under an OSI-approved copyright that makes it accessible to use it and redistribute, even for commercial purposes.

Consumer friendly data structures – Python features a built-in series of data structures that aids in the construction of data structures at a quicker rate throughout execution.

Features of Kotlin

Ease of Deployment – Moving work-in-progress app for android code to Kotlin is a snap.

Multi-Platform Accessibility – Kotlin is compatible with JavaScript and Gradle, as well as Android development.

Full Java compatibility – When developing in Kotlin, programmers can use all Java library functions.

No runtime overhead – There is no runtime overhead because Kotlin has a minimal library and the majority of the heavy lifting is handled during compilation.

Less Coding – Every programmer wishes to write the least amount of code that’s possible while still achieving the goal. Kotlin lets you write the least amount of code possible, which enhances app performance.

Enables Functional Development – Kotlin encourages functional programming by making it simple and quick for developers to complete tasks.

Kotlin vs Python Differences and Similarities

  • Python is similar to Ruby, but Kotlin appears like Java.
  • Both are used in website development.
  • Both Python and Kotlin maybe used in backend development, but in mobile development (Android), Kotlin has a significant advantage over Python. Kotlin has Google’s backing; it’s faster to compile; and it has built-in null safety support. All java libraries are compatible with Kotlin. While Python uses unit or integration tests, Kotlin uses Junit (4,5), mocks, and assertion tests. They’re all equipped with a plethora of features ( for instance maths).
  • Python is a dynamic programming language, whereas Kotlin is a statical language.
  • Python is less difficult to master and comprehend than Kotlin.
  • They’re all free and open source, and they’re all cross-platform
  • Both don’t need to use semicolon at the end of the syntax.

If you’re a Python developer looking to learn a new language that’s in demand, Kotlin is your best bet. That was all there was to it when it came to Kotlin vs Python.

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