Key Features of Ruby on Rails
RoR is a popular choice for developers building a wide range of web applications.
Convention Over Configuration
Rails follows a convention over configuration approach, which means that it makes assumptions about what you want to do and how you're going to do it, rather than requiring you to specify every little detail through configuration files.
Rails is based on the Model-View-Controller (MVC) architecture pattern, which separates the application into three interconnected parts. This separation helps manage the complexity of large applications and enhances maintainability.
This is the Object-Relational Mapping (ORM) layer in Rails, which automatically maps database tables to classes and rows to objects. It simplifies database interactions by allowing you to work with data in a more intuitive and object-oriented way.
RESTful Resource Routing
Rails encourages the use of RESTful routes, which provide a standardized way of structuring your application's URLs. This makes it easier to design clean and understandable URLs.
Rails provides a way to manage changes to your database schema over time with migrations. Migrations are Ruby classes that define how to incrementally modify your database to accommodate changes in your models.
Rails comes with a built-in testing framework, which encourages test-driven development (TDD). It supports a variety of testing types, including unit tests, functional tests, and integration tests.
Rails includes several security features to help protect your application from common threats, such as SQL injection, cross-site scripting (XSS), and cross-site request forgery (CSRF).
Community and Ecosystem
Rails has a large and active community, which contributes to a rich ecosystem of libraries (gems) that extend the functionality of Rails applications.
Rails offers a built-in solution for file uploads and attachments, called Active Storage. It supports cloud storage services like Amazon S3, Google Cloud Storage, and Microsoft Azure Storage, as well as local file storage.